HelpOnInstalling/ApacheOnLinuxFtp

HelpContents > HelpOnAdministration > HelpOnInstalling

  1. Introduction
    1. Get ready
    2. Explore the webserver configuration
  2. Copy directories
  3. Configure
    1. moin.cgi
    2. wikiconfig.py
    3. Upload moin.cgi and wikiconfig.py
  4. Summary
  5. If your provider's python is stoneage ...

Introduction

This document describes how to install MoinMoin on the webserver of your ISP. I will assume a few things:

Get ready

Download the latest distribution of MoinMoin from its [MoinMoin]homepage. Unpack it into a local directory. On a windows machine, you could use [WWW] WinZip. On Linux, open a shell and type

tar xzf moin-1....tar.gz

whereas moin-1....tar.gz is the filename of the downloaded file.

For the present purpose, it is not necessary to run the setup. We just work with the source code.

Explore the webserver configuration

Now it is time to find out how your ISP supports python. Unfortunately, python is not as popular as PHP. Therefore, it is quite likely that your ISP does not support fancy python stuff like mod_python. If they support python at all, they probably support the Common Gateway Interface (CGI). As noted above, I describe only this installation option. Now there is some homework for you to do:

   1 #!/usr/bin/python2.3
   2 
   3 import os.path
   4 import os
   5 import sys
   6 
   7 try:
   8     __file__
   9 except NameError:
  10     __file__ = '?'
  11 
  12 print """Content-type: text/html
  13 
  14 <html><head><title>Python Exploration</title></head><body>
  15 <table border=1>
  16 <tr><th colspan=2>1. System Information</th></tr>
  17 <tr><td>Python</td><td>%s</td></tr>
  18 <tr><td>Platform</td><td>%s</td></tr>
  19 <tr><td>Absolute path of this script</td><td>%s</td></tr>
  20 <tr><td>Filename</td><td>%s</td></tr>
  21 """ % (sys.version,
  22        sys.platform,
  23        os.path.abspath('.'),
  24        __file__)
  25 print "<th colspan=2>2. Environment Variables</th>\n"
  26 for variable in os.environ:
  27     print "<tr><td>%s</td><td>%s</td></tr>\n" % (variable, os.environ[variable])
  28 print "</table></body></html>"

Download: Upload new attachment "explore.py"

Some of the following problems may show up:

If everything works, a table should appear on your screen. It gives you some basic information on your webserver. Later we will need python version, absolute path of this script, DOCUMENT_ROOT and SITE_URI.

Copy directories

You have to transfer four directories to your webserver.

SECURITY WARNING: If you have no choice but to place MoinMoin, underlay or data under apache's DOCUMENT_ROOT, it is very important to hinder apache from directly accessing them.

1. Use your favorite editor to create a file named .htaccess.

2. Insert into this file the text deny from all

3. Copy it via FTP into the directory you want to protect.

4. Try to access the protected directory via your webbrowser. If protection does work, you should see Access denied.

5. If you cannot protect these directories, please delete them from your webserver immediately. Do not continue your installation.

Configure

There are two files that need fine tuning:

Choose a location for these files on your webserver. You are free to choose, but apache must be able to execute moin.cgi. If necessary, you can even rename moin.cgi, for example to moin.py. I would recommend placing wikiconfig.py in a separate config directory that is not accessible by apache. Do not start uploading, we are going to make some modifications first.

moin.cgi

Now open moin-1.3.3/wiki/server/moin.cgi in your favorite editor.

(1) Adjust python path. First you have to adjust your python path in line 1. The new value depends on your ISPs setting.

#!/usr/bin/python

(2) Set the path to MoinMoin. You will find a line

## sys.path.insert(0, 'PREFIX/lib/python2.3/site-packages')

Uncomment this line and replace the path information. If you have run Upload new attachment "explore.py" on your webserver, you may use your knowledge of absolute path of this script to guess the absolute path to the MoinMoin directory.

Example: You transfered explore.py with your FTP-client into /public_html on your webserver. Absolute path of this script reveals /home/nowhere.com/public_html. You transfered MoinMoin to /MoinMoin. You plan to place moin.cgi as /pubic_html/index.py on your webserver. You would have to insert

sys.path.insert(0, '/home/nowhere.com')   # REPLACED!

Of course a relative path will be allright, too. So, sticking to our example, you could also insert

sys.path.insert(0, '..')

(3) Set the path to wikiconfig.py. Now search for

sys.path.insert(0, '/path/to/wikiconfig')

Insert the path to wikiconfig.py on your webserver.

Example: You transfered explore.py with your FTP-client into /public_html on your webserver. Absolute path of this script reveals /home/nowhere.com/public_html. Your planned location for wikiconfig.py is /config. You plan to place moin.cgi as /pubic_html/index.py on your webserver. You would have to insert

# choose one:
sys.path.insert(0, '/home/nowhere.com/config')           # absolute path
sys.path.insert(0, '../config')                          # path relative to moin.cgi

wikiconfig.py

Open moin-1.3.3/wiki/config/wikiconfig.py.

(1) Set the path to your data directory. Try to find

data_dir = './data/'

Replace './data/' with whatever leads to your data directory.

Example: You transfered explore.py with your FTP-client into /public_html on your webserver. Absolute path of this script reveals /home/nowhere.com/public_html. You transfered data to /data. You plan to place moin.cgi as /pubic_html/index.py on your webserver. You would have to insert

# choose one:
data_dir = '/home/nowhere.com/data/'   # absolute path
data_dir = '../data/'                  # path relative to moin.cgi

(2) Set the path to your underlay directory. Try to find

data_underlay_dir = './underlay/'

Replace './underlay/' with whatever leads to the underlay directory on your webserver.

Example: You transfered explore.py with your FTP-client into /public_html on your webserver. Absolute path of this script reveals /home/nowhere.com/public_html. You transfered underlay to /underlay. You plan to place moin.cgi as /pubic_html/index.py on your webserver. You would have to insert

# choose one:
data_underlay_dir = '/home/nowhere.com/data/'   # absolute path
data_underlay_dir = '../data/'                  # path relative to moin.cgi

(3) Set the URL of your static files. Try to find

url_prefix = '/wiki'

If you copied your htdocs directory to /wiki under your document root, you don't need to change this.

Example: You placed explore.py under /public_html and called it with http://www.your-domain.com/explore.py. You placed htdocs as /public_html/wiki. So url_prefix is correct as it is, don't change it.

(4) Set configuration options. If you browse through wikiconfig.py, you will see a bunch of options. Set these options as you like. See HelpOnConfiguration for details.

Upload moin.cgi and wikiconfig.py

You are done! Upload moin.cgi and wikiconfig.py and test your wiki by calling moin.cgi through your webbrowser. You may have to set file permissions manually to allow the execution of moin.cgi. Be sure to upload both files to the directories described above.

Summary

Here is a short summary of an example installation. Having read this document, I hope you see what I did and why I did it.


ftp       moin-1.3.3/wiki/data       ==>           /data
ftp       moin-1.3.3/wiki/htdocs     ==>           /wiki
ftp       moin-1.3.3/wiki/underlay   ==>           /underlay
ftp       moin-1.3.3/MoinMoin        ==>           /MoinMoin

ftp       create directory     /config

create     moin-1.3.3/.htaccess      insert content:
deny from all

ftp       moin-1.3.3/.htaccess      ==>           /data
ftp       moin-1.3.3/.htaccess      ==>           /underlay
ftp       moin-1.3.3/.htaccess      ==>           /MoinMoin
ftp       moin-1.3.3/.htaccess      ==>           /config

edit moin-1.3.3/wiki/server/moin.cgi:

  replace:
           #!/usr/bin/env python
    by:
           #!/usr/bin/python2.3

  replace:
           ## sys.path.insert(0, 'PREFIX/lib/python2.3/site-packages')
    by:
           sys.path.insert(0, '.')

  replace:
           sys.path.insert(0, '/path/to/wikiconfig')
    by:
           sys.path.insert(0, './config')

ftp      moin-1.3.3/wiki/server/moin.cgi   ==>     /moin.py
    
edit moin-1.3.3/wiki/config/wikiconfig.py:

   set data_dir:
                   data_dir = './data/'

   set data_underlay_dir:
                   data_underlay_dir = './underlay/'

   set url_prefix:
                   url_prefix = '/wiki'

ftp      moin-1.3.3/wiki/config/wikiconfig.py   ==>    /config/wikiconfig.py

If your provider's python is stoneage ...

wget http://python.org/ftp/python/2.4/Python-2.4.tar.bz2
tar xjf Python-2.4.tar.bz2
cd Python-2.4
./configure --prefix=/your/home/dir/at/the/provider
make
make install
# after that, you have a nice, fresh python in $PREFIX
# you can ftp it to your home directory at provider and use it from there

last modified 2005-08-04 19:15:29